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Hardship at the time of death

*Summary of Iṣlāḥī Majlis by Shaykhul-Ḥadīth Ḥaḍrat Mawlāna Ādam ibn Yūsuf Ṣāḥib دامت بركاته*

5th September 2021 | 28th Muharram 1443AH

‎مولاي صل و سلم دائما أبدا

‎على حبيبك خير الخلق كلهم

‎فمبلغ العلم فيه أنه بشر

‎وأنه خير خلق الله كلهم

*عن بريدة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه: المؤمنُ يموتُ بعَرَقِ  الجَبينِ.* (رواه الترمذي ٩٨٢)

_Sayyiduna Buraida رضي الله عنه reported Rasūllullah ‎ﷺ as saying, “The believer dies with the sweat on his brow.”_ (Tirmidhi)

𝗦𝘄𝗲𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗔𝘁 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗧𝗶𝗺𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝗗𝗲𝗮𝘁𝗵

This Hadīth mentions a bounty for the believer: sweating at the time of death.

Sweating could be due to the difficulties endured during sakarāt (agony at the time of death). These difficulties are a means of our forgiveness or elevation in status for the hereafter.

The Muhadditheen (scholars of Hadīth) also say another possible interpretation of this Hadīth is that a believer works hard to attain his provisions and he stays steadfast on his observation of duties ordained by Allah ﷻ. Thus, towards the end of his life, he sweats due to the completion of these efforts.

Sometimes, the sweat is visible on the forehead or the nose. Don’t think of this as a sign of misfortune when seeing this on the dying person. The Muhaditheen have said this is a sign of a good death and acceptance from Allah ‎ﷻ.

𝗜𝗺𝗽𝗼𝗿𝘁𝗮𝗻𝗰𝗲 𝗼𝗳 𝗛𝗮𝗹𝗮̄𝗹 𝗥𝗶𝘇𝗾

We should try our best to earn Halāl sustenance. Our pious predecessors would let go of thousands of dirhams because it wasn't halāl. When the father of Imām Bukhāri ؒ passed away, he left a lot of wealth. Before his passing, he mentioned that not even one dirham of it was doubtful. Imam Bukhari ؒ was able to benefit from this wealth greatly and utilise it for the Deen.

We must not consume any type of Harām. We should be cautious in everything we take and we eat.

Two things are very important :

1) The source of income should be Halām

2) The food and drink should be pure and Halāl

This is what is known as Taqwa; when we are mindful of the laws of Allah ﷻ.

𝗗𝗲𝗮𝘁𝗵- 𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗜𝗻𝗲𝘃𝗶𝘁𝗮𝗯𝗹𝗲

Allah ﷻ says in the Qur'an:

‎ *إِنَّ أَجَلَ اللَّهِ إِذَا جَاءَ لا يُؤَخَّر*

_Indeed, when the time set by Allah i.e. death comes, it cannot be delayed._ (Surah Nuh, part of Ayah 5)

Death can come at anytime. A person was once eating, and after eating he suddenly vomited, fainted and passed away. Therefore, remember death all the time. Don't be heedless. Let us not let the the love of the world engulf our hearts. We know from the Hadīth that a time will come when people will wake up with Imān but sleep with Kufr, or sleep with Imān but wake up with Kufr. May Allah ﷻ preserve our Imān. Be careful from now and take all necessary measures to look after your Imān, as death is unpredictable.

𝗧𝗵𝗲 𝗥𝗲𝗮𝗹𝗶𝘁𝘆 𝗼𝗳 𝗗𝘂𝗻𝘆𝗮

Do not attach your heart to this temporary world. Remember, this dunya is not loyal to anyone and changes its partners every day. Today it’s us, tomorrow it’s someone else. May Allah ﷻ help us to tread this journey with Āfiyah (wellbeing). This journey to the hereafter is a journey of being alone. No one will be able to assist us.

𝗛𝗼𝘄 𝗧𝗼 𝗛𝗮𝘃𝗲 𝗔 𝗚𝗼𝗼𝗱 𝗘𝗻𝗱𝗶𝗻𝗴

After every Salāh, we should make Duā for a good death. Don't let it be such that we live our whole lives but never once did we ask Allah ﷻ to grant us a good ending.

The pious elders have mentioned that if we make this Qur’ānic Duā after every Salāh thrice, then inshāAllah we will pass away with Imān:

‎ *رَبَّنَا لَا تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِن لَّدُنكَ رَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ الْوَهَّابُ*

_“Our Lord, do not let our hearts deviate from the right path after You have given us guidance, and bestow upon us mercy from Your own. Surely, You, and You alone, are the One who bestows in abundance.”_

```May Allah ﷻ grant us the ability to practise on everything that has been said. Āmīn```

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